The LaMancha is a type of dairy goat noted for its apparent lack of, or much reduced, external ears. The LaMancha breed is medium in size, and is also noted for a generally calm, quiet, and gentle temperament. The LaMancha has excellent dairy temperament and is an all-around sturdy animal that can withstand a great deal of hardship and still produce. Through official testing this breed has established itself in milk production with high butterfat. The American LaMancha goat was developed in the 1930s in Oregon by Eula F. Frey when she crossed some short-eared goats believed to have Spanish blood in them with her outstanding Swiss and Nubian Bucks.
A Brief History - The La Mancha breed of dairy goat has, perhaps, the most obscure history of any of the popular breeds. References were made to short-eared goats as far back as ancient Persia, but their exact background remains unknown.
As Spanish missionaries colonized California, they brought with them a short-eared breed of goat suitable for either milk or meat production. If not true La Manchas these animals were very close to them and were referred to as "cuties," "monas," and "monkeys" by the missionaries. As each new mission was established, seed stock from the former herd was transplanted to the new location, spreading the population through the West. This strain is usually thought to be the forerunner of the present earless La Mancha.
In more recent history, a crate of the short-eared goats was sent to the Paris World's Fair for exhibition (1904). The inscription was unclear, but the words, "La Mancha, Cordoba, Spain," were easily read. The name "La Mancha" stuck and became the accepted term for the American version as well.
Phoebe Wilhelm was reported to be the first American breeder to establish a herd comprised of La Manchas. She owned approximately 125 in the 1920's. As few true-type bucks were available, those of the other breeds were used to propagate the breed. Even after years of hybridization, however, the true La Mancha characteristics continue to dominate.
The American La Mancha Club brochure The American Dairy Goat Association 2006 Annual Report From Dairy Goat Journal, January 1978